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Islands, Mounds and Atoms
Patterns and Processes in Crystal Growth Far from Equilibrium

Thomas Michely

Joachim Krug


Crystal growth far from thermodynamic equilibrium is nothing but homoepitaxy - thin film growth on a crystalline substrate of the same material. Because of the absence of misfit effects, homoepitaxy is an ideal playground to study growth kinetics in its pure form. Despite its conceptual simplicity, homoepitaxy gives rise to a wide range of patterns. This book explains the formation of such patterns in terms of elementary atomic processes, using the well-studied Pt/Pt(111) system as a reference point and a large number of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy images for visualization. Topics include surface diffusion, nucleation theory, island shapes, mound formation and coarsening, and layer-by-layer growth. A separate chapter is dedicated to describing the main experimental and theoretical methods. The text is aimed at physicists with an interest in growth kinetics, surface scientists, graduate students, and practitioners of thin film deposition.


2004. XVIII, 313 p. 134 illus. Including a Foldout Color Plate.

(Springer Series in Surface Sciences, Volume 42)

Hardcover. EUR 99.95; £ 77.00; sFr 166.-

ISBN 3-540-40728-6




Scientific Publications



J. Hall, B. Pielic, C. Murray, W. Jolie, T. Wekking, C. Busse, M. Kralj, T. Michely
Molecular beam epitaxy of quasi-freestanding transition metal disulphide monolayers on van der Waals substrates: a growth study
2D Mater, 5, 025005, 2018


Charlotte Herbig, E Harriet Ahlgren, Thomas Michely
Blister-ree ion beam patterning of supported graphene
Nanotechnology, 8, 055304, 2017

P. Valerius, C. Herbig, M. Will, M.A. Arman, J. Knudsen, V. Caciuc, N. Atodiresei an T. Michely
Annealing of ion-irradiated hexagonal boron nitride on Ir (111)
Phys. Rev. B, 96, 235410, 2017

A. Martinez-Galera, U.A. Schröder, C. Herbig, M. A. Arman, J. Knudsen, T. Michely
Preventing sintering of nanoclusters on graphene by radical absorption
Nanoscale, 9, 13618-13629, 2017

F. Huttmann, N. Schleheck, N. Atodiresei, T. Michely
On-Surface Sythesis of Sandwich Molecular Nanowires on Graphene
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 29, 9895-9990, 2017

Charlotte Herbig, Timo Knispel, Sabina Simon, Ulrike A. Schröder, Antonio J. Martinez-Galera, Mohammad A. Arman, Christian Teichert, Jan Knudsen, Arkady V. Krasheninnikov, Thomas Michely
From Permeation to Cluster Arrays: Graphene on Ir(111) Exposed to Carbon Vapor
Nano Lett., 17, 3105-3112, 2017

Felix Huttmann, David Klar, Nicolae Atodiresei, Carolin Schmitz-Antoniak, Alvetina Smekhova, Antonio J. Martinez-Galera, Vasile Caciuc, Gustav Bihlmayer, Stefan Blügel, Thomas Michely, Heiko Wende
Magnetism in a graphene-4 f-3d hybrid system
Phys. Rev. B, 95, 075427, 2017

Ulrike A. Schröder, Marin Petrovic, Timm Gerber, Antonio J Martinez-Galera, Elin Granäs, Mohammad A Arman, Chralotte Herbig, Joachim Schnadt, Marko Kralj, Jan Knudsen, Thomas Michely
Core level shifts of intercalated graphene
2D Mater, 4, 2017

T. Knispel, W. Jolie, N. Borgwardt, J. Lux, Zhiwei Wang, Yoichi Ando, A. Rosch, T. Michely, M. Grüninger
Charge puddles in the bulk and on the surface of the topological insulator BiSbTeSe2 studied by scanning tunneling microscopy and optical spectroscopy
Phys. Rev. B, 96, 195135, 2017, arXiv:1708.09166

M. Petrivic, P. Lazic, S. Runte, T. Michely, C. Busse, M. Kralj
Moiré-regulated self-assembly of cesium adatoms on epitaxial graphene
Phys. Rev. B, 96, 085428, 2017


Timm Gerber, Elin Granäs, Ulrike A. Schröder, Patrick Stratmann, Karina Schulte, Jesper N. Andersen, Jan Knudsen, Thomas Michely
Stability and Reactivity of Graphene-Templated Nanoclusters
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 120, 46, 26290-26298, 2016

A.J. Martinez-Galera, U.A. Schröder, F. Huttmann, W. Jolie, F. Craes, C. Busse, V. Caciuc, N. Atodiresei, S. Blügel, T. Michely
Oxygen orders differently under graphene: new superstructures on Ir(111)
Nanoscale, 8, 1932-1943, 2016

E. Granäs, T. Gerber U.A. Schröder, K. Schulte, J.N. Andersen, T. Michely, J. Knudsen
Hydrogen intercalation under graphene on Ir(111)
Surf. Sci., 651, 57-61, 2016

C. Herbig, T. Michely
Graphene: the ultimately thin sputtering shield
2D Mater, 3, 025032, 2016

M. Engler, T. Michely
Amorphous to crystalline phase transition: Onset of pattern formation during ion erosion of Si (001)
Phys. Rev. B, 93, 085423, 2016

U.A. Schröder, E. Granas, T. Gerber, M.A. Arman, A.J. Martinez-Galera, , K. Schulte, J.N. Andersen, J. Knudsen, T. Michely
Etching of graphene on Ir(111) with molecular oxygen
Carbon, 96, 320, 320-331, 2016

D. Franz, N. Blanc, J. Coraux, G. Renaud, S. Runte, T. Gerber, C. Busse, T. Michely, P.J. Feibelman, U. Hejral, A. Stierle
Atomic structure of Pt nanoclusters supported by graphene/Ir(111) and reversible transormation under CO exposure
Phys. Rev. B, 93, 045426, 1-8, 2016


S. Standop, T. Michely, C. Busse
H2O on Graphene/Ir(111): A Periodic Array of Frozen Droplets
J. Phys. Chem. C, 119, 1418-1423, 2015

F. Huttmann, A.J. Martinez-Galera, S. Caciuc, N. Atorderisei, S. Blügel, T. Michely
Tuning the van der Waals interaction of graphene with molecules via doping
Phys. Rev. Lett., 115, 236101, 1-8, 2015

C. Herbig, E.H. Algren, U.A. Schröder, A.J. Martinez-Galera, M.A. Arman, J. Kotakoski, J. Knudsen, A.V. Krasheninnikov, T. Michely
Xe irradiation of graphene on Ir(111): From trapping to blistering
Phys. Rev. B, 92, 085429, 2015

Charlotte Herbig, E. Harriet Ahlgren, Wouter Jolie, Carsten Busse, Jani Kotakoski, Arkady V. Krasheninnikov, Thomas Michely
Comment on Interfacial Caron Nanoplatelet Formation by Ion Irradiation of Graphene on Iridium (111)
ACS Nano, 9, 5, 4664-4665, 2015


Stefan Schumacher, Felix Huttmann, Marin Petrovic, Christian Witt, Daniel F. Förster, Chi Vo-Van, Johann Coraux, Antonio J. Martinez-Galera, Violetta Sessi, Ignacio Vergara, Reinhard Rückamp, Markus Grüninger, Nicolas Schleheck, Frank Meyer zu Heringdorf, Philippe Ohresser, Marko Kralj, Tim O. Wehling, Thomas Michely
Europium underneath graphene on Ir(111): Intercalation mechanism, magnetism, and band structure
Phys. Rev. B, 90, 235437, 2014, arXiv:1409.4272

Charlotte Herbig, E. Harriet Ahlgren, Wouter Jolie, Carsten Busse, Jani Kotakoski, Arkady V. Krasheninnikov und Thomas Michely
Interfacial Carbon Nanoplatelet Formation by Ion Irradiation of Graphene on Iridium (111)
ACS Nano, 8, 12, 12208-12218, 2014

Martin Engler, Sven Macko, Frank Frost, Thomas Michely
Evolution of ion beam induced patterns on Si(001)
Phys. Rev. B, 89, 245412, 2014

Wouter Jolie, Fabian Craes, Marin Petrovic, Nicolae Atodiresei, Vasile Caciuc, Stefan Blügel, Marko Kralj, Thomas Michely, Carsten Busse
Confinement of Dirac electrons in graphene quantum dots
Phys. Rev. B, 89, 1554351-6, 2014

Stefan Schumacher, Daniel F. Förster, Feiming Hu, Thomas Frauenheim, Tim O. Wehling, Thomas Michely
Polar EuO(111) on Ir(111): A two-dimensional oxide
Phys. Rev. B, 89, 115410, 1-13, 2014

Martin Engler, Frank Frost, Sven Müller, Sven Macko, Moritz Will, René Feder, Daniel Spemann, René Hübner, Stefan Facsko, Thomas Michely
Silicide induced ion beam patterning of Si(001)
Nanotechnology, 25, 115303, 1-18, 2014

Jürgen Klinkhammer, Martin Schlipf, Fabian Craes, Sven Runte, Thomas Michely, Carsten Busse
Spin-Polarized Surface State in EuO(100)
Phys. Rev. Lett., 112, 016803, 1-5, 2014


M. Petrovic, I. Srut Rakic, S.Runte, C. Busse, J.T. Sadowski, P. Lazic, I. Pletikosic, Z.-H. Pan, M. Milun, P. Pervan, N. Atodiresei, R. brako, D. Sokcevic, T. Valla, T. Michely, M. Kralj
The mechanism of caesium intercalation of graphene
Nat. Commun., 1-8, 2013

Stefan Schumacher, Tim O. Wehling, Predrag Lazic, Sven Runte, Daniel F. Förster , Carsten Busse, Marin Petrovic, Marko Kralj, Stefan Blügel, Nicolae Atodiresei, Vasile Caciuc, Thomas Michely
The Backside of Graphene: Manipulating Adsorption by Intercalation
Nano Lett., 13, 5013-5019, 2013

Fabian Craes, Sven Runte, Jürgen Klinkhammer, Marko Kralj, Thomas Michely, Carsten Busse
Mapping Image Potential States on Graphene Quantum Dots
Phys. Rev. Lett., 111, 056804, 1-5, 2013

D. Franz, R. Runte, C. Busse, S. Schumacher, T. Gerber, T. Michely, M. Mantilla, V. Kilic, J. Zegenhagen, A. Stierle
Atomic structure and crystalline order of graphene supported Ir nanoparticle lattices
Phys. Rev. Lett., 110, 065503, 1-5, 2013

S. Schumacher, D.F. Förster, M. Rösner, T.O. Wehling, T. Michely
Strain in epitaxial graphene visualized by intercalation
Phys. Rev. Lett., 110, 086111, 1-5, 2013

T. Gerber, J. Knudsen, P.J. Feibelman, E. Granäs, P. Stratmann, K. Schulte, J. N. Andersen, T. Michely
CO-induced Smoluchowski ripening of Pt cluster arrays on the graphene/Ir(111) moiré
ACS Nano, 7, 2020-2031, 2013

S. Standop, O. Lehtinen, C. Herbig, G. Lewes-Malandrakis, F.Craes, J. Kotakoski, T. Michely, A.V. Krasheninnikov, C. Busse
Ion impacts on graphene/Ir(111): interface channeling, vacancy funnels, and a nanomesh
Nano Lett., 13, 1948-1955, 2013

Jürgen Klinkhammer, Daniel F.Förster, Stefan Schumacher, Hans P. Oepen, Thomas Michely, Carsten Busse
Structure and magnetic properties of ultra thin textured EuO films on graphene
Appl. Phys. Lett., 103, 131601, 1-5, 2013

Elin Granäs, Mie Andersen, Mohammad A. Arman, Timm Gerber, Björk HAmmer, Joachim Schnadt, Jesper N. Andersen , Thomas Michely, Jan Knudsen
CO Intercalation of Graphene on Ir(111) in the Millibar Regime
J. Phys. Chem. C, 117, 16438-16447, 2013


D. Subramaniam, F. Libisch, C. Pauly, V. Geringer, R. Reiter, T. Mashoff, M. Liebmann, J. Burgdörfer, C. Busse, T. Michely, M. Pratzer, M. Morgenstern
Wave function mapping in graphene quantum dots
Phys. Rev. Lett., 108, 046801, 2012

H. Hattab, A. T. N'Diaye, D. Wall, C. Klein, G. Jnawali, J. Coraux, C. Busse, R. van Gastel, B. Poelsema, T. Michely, F.-J. Meyer zu Heringdorf, M. Horn-von Hoegen
Interplay of wrinkles, strain, and lattice parameter in graphene layers on iridium
Nano Lett., 12, 678, 2012

S. Standop, M. Morgenstern, T. Michely, C. Busse
H2O on Pt(111): Structure and stability of the first wetting layer
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 24, 124103, 2012

C. Herbig, M. Kaiser, N. Bendiab, J. Coraux, S. Schumacher, D. F. Förster, K. Meerholz, T. Michely, C. Busse
Mechanical exfoliation of epitaxial graphene on Ir(111) enabled by Br2 intercalation
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 24, 314208, 2012

J. Knudsen, P.J. Feibelman, T. Gerber, E. Granäs, Karina Schulte, Patrick Stratmann, Jesper N. Andersen, T. Michely
How clusters bind to the graphene moiré on Ir(111) - XPS compared to DFT
Phys. Rev. B, 035407, 1-6, 2012

D.F. Förster, T.O. Wehling, S. Schumacher, A. Rosch, T. Michely
Phase coexistence of clusters and islands: Europium on graphene
New J. Phys., 14, 023022, 1-26, 2012

D.F. Förster, J. Klinkhammer, T. Michely
Eu oxides on Ni(100): Polar surfaces, magic clusters and structures with large lattice dilation
Surf. Sci., 606, 1019-1028, 2012

S. Macko, J. Grenzer, F.Frost, M. Engler, D. Hirsch, M. Fritzsche, A. Mücklich, T. Michely
Iron assisted ion beam patterning of Si(001) in the crystalline regime
New J. Phys., 14, 073003, 1-16, 2012

E. Granäs, J. Knudsen, U.A. Schröder, T. Gerber, C. Busse, M.A. Arman, K. Schulte, J.N. Andersen, T. Michely
Oxygen intercalation under graphene on Ir(111): Energetics, kinetics, and the role of graphene edges
ACS Nano, 6, 9951-9963, 2012

E. Vivo, M. Nicoli, M. Engler, T. Michely, L. Vázquez, R. Cuerno
Strong anisotropy in surface kinetic roughening: analysis and experiments
Phys. Rev. B, 86, 245427, 1-8, 2012


H. Hattab, A. T. N'Diaye, D. Wall, G. Jnawali, J. Coraux, C. Busse, R. van Gastel, B. Poelsema, T. Michely, F.-J. Meyer zu Heringdorf, M. Horn-von Hoegen
Growth temperature dependent graphene alignement on Ir(111)
Appl. Phys. Lett., 98, 141903, 141903, 2011

C. Busse, P. Lazic, R. Djemour, J. Coraux, T. Gerber, N. Atodiresei, V. Caciuc, R. Brako, A. T. N'Diaye, S. Blügel, J. Zegenhagen, T. Michely
Graphene on Ir(111): Physisorption with chemical modulation
Phys. Rev. Lett., 107, 036101, 1-4, 2011

T. Langer, D. F. Förster, C. Busse, T. Michely, H. Pfnür, C. Tegenkamp
Sheet plasmons in modulated graphene on Ir(111)
New J. Phys., 13, 053006, 2011

D. F. Förster, J. Klinkhammer, C. Busse, S. G. Altendorf, T. Michely, Z. Hu, Y.-Y. Chi, L. H. Tjeng, J. Coraux, D. Bourgault
Epitaxial europium oxide on Ni(100) with single-crystal quality
Phys. Rev. B, 83, 045424, 1-8, 2011

M. Kralj, I. Pletikosić, M. Petrović, P. Pervan, M. Milun, A. T. N’Diaye, C. Busse, T. Michely, J. Fujii, I. Vobornik
Graphene on Ir(111) characterized by angle-resolved photoemission
Phys. Rev. B, 84, 075427, 1-8, 2011

S. Bleikamp, J. Coraux, O. Robach, G. Renaud, T. Michely
Twins and their boundaries during homoepitaxy on Ir(111)
Phys. Rev. B, 83, 064103, 1-10, 2011

C. Vo-Van, S.Schumacher, J. Coraux, V. Sessi, O. Fruchart, N.B. Brookes, P. Ohresser, T. Michely
Magnetism of cobalt nanoclusters on graphene on iridium
Appl. Phys. Lett., 99, 142504, 1-3, 2011

A. Redinger, S. Standop, Y. Rosandi, H.M. Urbassek, T. Michely
Making channelling visible: keV noble gas ion trails on Pt(111)
New J. Phys., 13, 013002, 1-27, 2011

S. Macko, F. Frost, M. Engler, D. Hirsch, T. Höche, J. Grenzer, T. Michely
Phenomenology of iron assisted ion beam pattern formation on Si(001)
New J. Phys., 13, 073017, 1-19, 2011


S. Standop, A. Redinger, M. Morgenstern, T. Michely, C. Busse
Molecular structure of the H2O wetting layer on Pt(111)
Phys. Rev. B, 82, 161412, 1-4, 2010

S. Bleikamp, T. Michely
Ion assistance in epitaxial growth as a strategy to supress twinning
Thin Solid Films, 519, 598-604, 2010

A. Redinger, S. Standop, T. Michely, Y. Rosandi, H.M. Urbassek
Trails of keV ions created by subsurface channeling
Phys. Rev. Lett., 105, 075501, 1-4, 2010

D.F. Förster, S. Bleikamp, T. Michely
Biaxially textured Ag films by grazing ion beam assisted deposition
Thin Solid Films, 519, 598-604, 2010

Y. Raosandi, A. Redinger, T. Michely, H.M. Urbassek
Sputtering at grazing ion incidence: influence of adatom islands
Phys. Rev. B, 82, 125440, 1-10, 2010

S. Macko, F. Frost, B. Ziberi, D.F. Förster, T. Michely
Is keV ion induced pattern formation on Si(001) caused by metal impurities?
Nanotechnology, 21, 085301, 1-9, 2010


A. Redinger, Y. Rosandi, H. M. Urbassek, T. Michely
Grazing incidence ion erosion in the presence of adsorbates
New J. Phys., 11, 063011, 1-17, 2009

Y. Rosandi, A. Redinger, T. Michely, H. M. Urbassek
Competition of terrace and step-edge sputtering under oblique-incidence ion impact on a stepped Pt(111) surface
NIMB, B, 267, 2769-2773, 2009

H. Hansen, A. Redinger, S. Messlinger, G. Stoian, J. Krug, T. Michely
Rapid coarsening of ion beam ripple patterns by defect annihilation
Phys. Rev. Lett., 102, 146103, 2009

Y. Rosandi, A. Redinger, T. Michely, H. M. Urbassek
Influence of a single adatom on sputtering at grazing incidence - A molecular-dynamics case study of 5 keV Ar impact on Pt(111)
Surf. Sci., 603, 320-325, 2009

I. Pletikosić, M. Kralj, P. Pervan, R. Brako, J. Coraux, A. T. N’Diaye C. Busse, T. Michly
Dirac cones and mini gaps for C/Ir(111)
Phys. Rev. Lett., 102, 056808, 1-4, 2009, PDF (1365 kB)

J. Coraux, A. T. N'Diaye, M. Engler, C. Busse, D. Wall, N. Buckanie, F.-J. Meyer zu Heringdorf, R. van Gastel, B. Poelsema, T. Michely
Growth of graphene on Ir(111)
New J. Phys., 11, 023006, 1-22, 2009

A. Picolin, C. Busse, A. Redinger, M. Morgenstern, T. Michely
Desorption of H2O from Flat and Stepped Pt(111)
J. Phys. Chem. C, 113, 691-697, 2009, PDF (613 kB)

R. van Gastel, A. T. N'Diaye, D. Wall J. Coraux, C. Busse, N. M. Buckanie, F.-J. Meyer zu Heringdorf, M. Horn-von Hoegen, T. Michely, B. Poelsema
Selecting a single orientation for millimeter sized graphene sheets
J. Appl. Phys., 11, 121901, 1-3, 2009

A. T. N'Diaye, R. van Gastel, A. J. Martinez-Galera, J. Coraux, H. Hattab, D. Wall F.-J. Meyer zu Heringdorf, M. Horn-von Hoegen, J. M. Gomez-Rodriguez, B. Poelsema, C. Busse, T. Michely
In situ observation of stress relaxation in graphene
New J. Phys., 11, 113056, 1-14, 2009, PDF (350 kB)

A. T. N'Diaye, T. Gerber, C. Busse, J. Mysliveček, J. Coraux, T. Michely
A versatile fabrication method for cluster superlattices
New J. Phys., 11, 103045, 1-18, 2009, PDF (3810 kB)


M. Beigmohamadi, P. Niyamakom, A. Farahzadi, S. Kremers, T. Michely, M. Wuttig
Evolution of dislocations in perylene films with thickness and deposition rate
Phys. Stat. Sol. B, 2, 1-3, 2008

J. Coraux, A. T. N'Diaye, C. Busse, T. Michely
Structural coherency of graphene on Ir(111)
Nano Lett., 8, 565, 1-6, 2008

A. T. N’Diaye, J. Coraux, T. N. Plasa, C. Busse, T. Michely
Structure of epitaxial graphene on Ir(111)
New J. Phys., 10, 043033, 1-16, 2008

S. Bleikamp, A. Thoma, C. Polop, T. Michely
Stacking faults in homoepitaxy on Ir(111) : detection, evolution with film thickness and associated defect structures
Phys. Rev. B, 77, 245424/1-10, 2008

A. Redinger, Y. Rosandi, H. M. Urbassek, T. Michely
Step edge sputtering through grazing incidence ions investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy and molecular dynamics simulations
Phys. Rev. B, 77, 195436/1-12, 2008

A. Redinger, O. Ricken, P. Kuhn, A. Rätz, A. Voigt, J. Krug, T. Michely
Spiral growth and step edge barriers
Phys. Rev. Lett., 100, 035506/1-4, 2008


C. Polop, C. Rosiepen, S. Bleikamp, R. Drese, J. Mayer, A. Dimiyati, T. Michely
The STM view of the initial stages of the morphological evolution of polycrystalline Ag films
New J. Phys., 9, 74, 1-19, 2007


A. N’Diaye, S. Bleikamp, P. J. Feibelman, T. Michely
Two Dimensional Ir-Cluster Lattices on Moire of Graphene with Ir(111)
Phys. Rev. Lett., 97, 215501, 1-4, 2006

H. Hansen, A. Redinger, S. Messlinger, G. Stoian, Y. Rosandi, H. M. Urbassek, U. Linke, T. Michely
Mechanisms of pattern formation in grazing-incidence ion bombardment of Pt(111)
Phys. Rev. B, 73, 235414, 1-14, 2006

S. Bleikamp, A. Thoma, C. Polop, G. Pirug, U. Linke, T. Michely
New Growth Mode through Decorated Twin Boundaries
Phys. Rev. Lett., 96, 115503, 1-4, 2006

A. redinger, H. Hansen, U. Linke, Y. Rosandi, H.M. Urbassek, T. Michely
Superior regularity in erosion patterns by planar susurface channelling
Phys. Rev. Lett., 96, 106103, 1-4, 2006


C. Polop, H. Hansen, W. Langenkamp, Z. Zhong, C. Busse, U. Linke, M. Kotrla, P. J. Feibelman, T. Michely
Oscillatory interaction between O impurities and Al adatoms on Al(111) and its effect on nucleation and growth
Surf. Sci., 575, 89-102, 2005

C. Polop, A. Lammerschop, C. Busse, T. Michely
Dependence of stacking-fault nucleation on cluster mobility
Phys. Rev. B, 71, 125423, 1-8, 2005

O. Biham, J. Krug, A. Lipshtat, T. Michely
Reaction kinetics in a tight spot
Z. Phys. B, 502-504, 2005

M. Müller, K. Albe, C. Busse, A. Thoma, T. Michely
sland shapes, island densities, and stacking-fault formation on Ir(111): Kinetic Monte-Carlo simulations and experiments
Phys. Rev. B, 71, 075407/1-8, 2005


C. Busse, T. Michely
Self-healing of stacking faults in homoepitaxial growth on Ir(1 1 1)
Surf. Sci., 552, 281-293, 2004

H. Hansen, C. Polop, T. Michely, A. Friedrich, H.M. Urbassek
Step Edge Sputtering Yield at Grazing Incidence Ion Bombardment
Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 246106, 1-4, 2004

X. Liu, V. Kaiser, M. Wuttig, T. Michely
Unidirectional growth anisotropies in perylene crystal growth on a liquid surface
J. Cryst. Growth, 269, 542-549, 2004


C. Busse, C. Polop, M. Müller, K. Albe, U. Linke, T. Michely
Stacking-Fault Nucleation on Ir(111)
Phys. Rev. Lett., 91, 56103, 1-4, 2003

C. Polop, H. Hansen, C. Busse, T. Michely
Relevance of nonlocal adatom-adatom interactions in homoepitaxial growth
Phys. Rev. B, 67, 193405, 1-4, 2003

C. Busse, W. Langenkamp, C. Polop, A. Petersen, H. Hansen, U. Linke, P. Feibelman, T. Michely
Dimer binding energies on fcc(111) metal surfaces
Surf. Sci., 539, L560-L566, 2003

C. Busse, S. Baud, G. Bihlmayer, C. Polop, T. Michely, S. Blügel
Tunneling voltage dependent heights of faulted and unfaulted Ir islands on Ir(111)
Phys. Rev. B, 68, 201401, 1-4, 2003

A. Petersen, C. Busse, C. Polop, U. Linke, T. Michely
From erosion to bomardment induced growth on Ir(111)
Phys. Rev. B, 68, 34541, 1-9, 2003


P. J. Feibelman, T. Michely
Reply to "Cluster dissociation on Pt(111)
Surf. Sci., 511, 461, 459-460, 2002

G.-X. Ye, T. Michely, M. Wuttig
Diffusion studies in a nonequilibrium system with repulsive interactions
Phys. Rev. B, 65, 205409, 1-9, 2002

B. Yang, J. Scheidtmann, J. Mayer, M. Wuttig, T. Michely
Fragmentation, rings and coarsening: structure and transformations of nanocrystal aggregate networks on a liquid surface
Surf. Sci., 497, 100-112, 2002

Th. Michely, M. Kalff, G. Comsa, M. Strobel, K.-H. Heinig
Coarsening mechanisms in surface morphological evolurion
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 14, 4177-4185, 2002


T. Michely, W. Langenkamp, H. Hansen, C. Busse
Comment on Dynamics of surface migration in the weak corrugation regime
Phys. Rev. Lett., 86, 2695, 2001

C. Busse, C. Engin, H. Hansen, U. Linke, T. Michely, H. M. Urbassek
Adatom formation and atomic layer growth on Al(111) by ion bombardment: Experiments and Molecular Dynamics Simulations
Surf. Sci., 488, 346-366, 2001

P. J. Feibelman, T. Michely
Pt-dimer dissociation on Pt(111)
Surf. Sci., 492, L723-L728, 2001

M. Strobel, K.-H. Heinig, T. Michely
Three-dimensional kinetic lattice Monte-Carlo simulation of ion erosion of fcc(111) surfaces
NIMB, 178, 105-108, 2001

M. Kalff, G. Comsa, T. Michely
Temperature dependent morphological evolution of Pt(111) by ion erosion: Destabilization, phase coexistence and coarsening
Surf. Sci., 486, 103-135, 2001

T. Michely, M. Kalff, G. Comsa, M. Strobel, K.-H. Heinig:
Step edge diffusion and step atom detachment in surface evolution: Ion erosion of Pt(111)
Phys. Rev. Lett., 86, 2589-2592, 2001

M. Strobel, K.-H. Heinig, T. Michely
Mechanisms of pit coarsening in ion erosion of fcc(111) surfaces: A kinetic 3D lattice Monte-Carlo study
Surf. Sci., 486, 136-156, 2001


C. Busse, H. Hansen, U. Linke, T. Michely
Atomic layer growth on Al(111) by ion bombardment
Phys. Rev. Lett., 85, 326-329, 2000

T. Michely, M. Kaiser, M. J. Rost
Plug 'n' play scanning probe microscopy
Recent Res. Devel. Physics, 71, 4461-4467, 2000

J. Krug, P. Politi, T. Michely
Island nucleation in the presence of step edge barriers; Theory and applications
Phys. Rev. B, 67, 14037-14046, 2000


M. Morgenstern, T. Michely, G. Comsa
Collective effects in adatom production by 4.5 keV rare gas impacts on Pt(111) - a low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy analysis
Phys. Met. Metallogr., 79, 775-794, 1999

M. Kalff, P. Smilauer, G. Comsa, T. Michely
No coarsening in homoepitaxy on Pt(111)
Surf. Sci., 426, L447-L453, 1999

T. Michely, G. X. Ye, V. Weidenhof, M. Wuttig
Ag-deposition on oil - cluster nucleation, growth and aggregation on a liquid surface
Surf. Sci., 432, 228-238, 1999


T. Michely, G. Comsa
Twodimensional Island Shapes in "Morphological Organisations in Epitaxial Growth and Removal
Synchrotron Radiation News, 265-307, 1998

G. X. Ye, T. Michely, V. Weidenhof, I. Friedrich, M. Wuttig
Nucleation, growth and aggregation of Ag-clusters on liquid surfaces
Phys. Rev. Lett., 81, 622-626, 1998

M. Kalff, G. Comsa, T. Michely
How sensitive is epitaxial growth to adsorbates?
Phys. Rev. Lett., 81, 1255-1258, 1998

M. Rost, T. Michely, G. Comsa
Comment on: Self diffusion and dynamic behavior of atoms at step edges of iridium surfaces
Phys. Rev. B, 57, 1992-1994, 1998

T. Michely, M. Kalff, G.Comsa
The effect of depostion method on growth morpholgy - comparison of molecular beam epitaxy, ion beam assisted depostion and sputter deposition in "Mechanisums and Principles of Epitaxial Growth in Metallic Systems, hrsg. von L.T. Wille u.a.
Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 528, 179-194, 1998


M. Morgenstern, J. Müller, T. Michely, G. Comsa
The ice bilayer on Pt(111): nucleation, structure and melting
Z. Phys. B, 198, 43-72, 1997

M. Breeman, T. Michely, G. Comsa
The influence of enhanced nucleation on thin film growth
Surf. Sci., 370, L193-L200, 1997

T. Michely, M. Hohage, G. Comsa
Instabilities and Kinetic Anisotropies as Determining Factors of Island Growth Shapes
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 125-134, 1997

M. Morgenstern, T. Michely, G. Comsa
The onset of interstitial diffusion determined by STM
Phys. Rev. Lett., 79, 1305-1308, 1997

M. Kalff, M. Breeman, M. Morgenstern, T. Michely, G. Comsa
Effect of energetic particles on island formation in sputter deposition of Pt on Pt(111)
Appl. Phys. Lett., 70, 182-184, 1997


T. Michely, M. C. Reuter, R. M. Tromp
Al on Si(111): Phase Diagram and Atomic Mechanisms
Phys. Rev. B, 53, 4105-4108, 1996

M. Bott, M. Hohage, M. Morgenstern, T. Michely, G. Comsa
New Approach for Determination of Diffusion Parameters of Adatoms
Phys. Rev. Lett., 76, 1304-1307, 1996

M. Hohage, M. Bott, M. Morgenstern, Z. Zhang, T. Michely, G. Comsa
Atomic Processes in Low Temperature Pt-Dendrite Growth on Pt(111)
Phys. Rev. Lett., 76, 2366-2369, 1996

M. Morgenstern, T. Michely, G. Comsa
Anisotropy in the Adsorption of H2O at Low Coordination Sites on Pt(111)
Phys. Rev. Lett., 77, 703-706, 1996

S. Esch, M. Breeman, M. Morgenstern, T. Michely, G. Comsa
Nucleation and Morphology of Homoepitaxial Pt(111)-Films grown with Ion Beam Assisted Deposition
Surf. Sci., 365, 187-204, 1996

P. J. Feibelman, S. Esch, T. Michely
O Binding Sites on Stepped Pt(111) Surfaces
Phys. Rev. Lett., 77, 2257-2260, 1996

T. Michely, M. Hohage, S. Esch, G. Comsa
The effect of surface reconstruction on the growth mode in homoepitaxy
Surf. Sci., 349, L89-L94, 1996


S. Esch, T. Michely, G. Comsa
Nucleation of homoepitaxial films grown with ion assistance on Pt(111)
Appl. Phys. Lett., 67, 3209-3211, 1995

M. Bott, T. Michely, G. Comsa
Design Principles of a Variable Temperature Scanning Tunneling Microscope
Surf. Sci., 66, 4135-4139, 1995

M. Hohage, T. Michely, G. Comsa
Pt(111) network reconstruction: structure, growth and decay
Surf. Sci., 337, 249-267, 1995

R. M. Tromp, T. Michely
Atomic-layer titration of surface reactions
Nature (London), 373, 499-501, 1995


T. Michely, M. C. Reuter, M. Copel, R. M. Tromp
Symmetry, Structure and Step Induced Ordering of the Si (001)-(2x3)Ag Surface
Phys. Rev. Lett., 73, 2095-2098, 1994

Ch. Teichert, M. Hohage, T. Michely, G. Comsa
Nuclei of the Pt(111) Network Reconstruction created by Single Ion Impacts
Phys. Rev. Lett., 72, 1682-1685, 1994

S. Esch, M. Hohage, T. Michely, G. Comsa
The Origin of Oxygen Induced Layer-By-Layer Growth in Homoepitaxy on Pt(111)
Phys. Rev. Lett., 72, 518-521, 1994

T. Michely, Ch. Teichert
Adatom Yields, Sputtering Yields and Damage Patterns of Single Ion Impacts on Pt(111)
Phys. Rev. B, 50, 11156-11166, 1994


T. Michely und G. Comsa
The Scanning Tunneling Microscope as a Means for the Investigation of Ion Bombardment Damage on Metals
Surf. Sci., 82, 207-219, 1993

T. Michely, M. Hohage, M. Bott, G. Comsa
Inversion of Growth Speed Anisotropy in Two Dimensions
Phys. Rev. Lett., 70, 3943-3946, 1993

M. Bott, M. Hohage, T. Michely, G. Comsa
Reconstruction of Pt(111) induced by increased Gas Phase Chemical Potential
Phys. Rev. Lett., 70, 1489-1492, 1993


T. A. Land, T. Michely, R. J. Behm, J. C. Hemminger, G. Comsa
Direct observation of Surface Reactions by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Ethylene -> Ethylidyne -> Carbon Particles -> Graphite on Pt(111)
J. Chem Phys., 97, 6774-6783, 1992

M. Bott, T. Michely, G. Comsa
The homoepitaxial Growth of Pt(111) studied with STM
Surf. Sci., 272, 161, 1992

T. Michely, T. A. Land, U. Littmark, G. Comsa
Morphological effects induced by the Formation of a Pt-Adatom lattice Gas on Pt(111)
Surf. Sci., 272, 204-210, 1992

T. A. Land, T. Michely, R. J. Behm, J. C. Hemminger, G. Comsa
STM investigation of single layer graphite structures produced on Pt(111) by hydrocarbon decomposition
Surf. Sci., 264, 261-270, 1992


T. A. Land, T. Michely, R. J. Behm, J. C. Hemminger, G. Comsa
STM Investigation of the Adsorption and Temperature Dependent Reactions of Ethylene on Pt(111)
Appl. Phys. A, 53, 414-417, 1991

T. Michely, G. Comsa
Generation and Nucleation of Adatoms during Ion Bombardment of Pt(111)
Phys. Rev. B, 44, 8411-8414, 1991

T. Michely, G. Comsa
Temperature Dependence of the Sputtering Morphology of Pt(111)
Surf. Sci., 256, 217-226, 1991

T. Michely, G. Comsa
Sputtering damage in the Pt(111) surface by He+ ion bombardment
Surf. Sci., 862-866, 1991


T. Michely, K. H. Besocke, G. Comsa
Observation of Sputtering Damage on Au(111)
Surf. Sci., 230, L135-L139, 1990


T. Michely, K. H. Besocke, M. Teske
A combined scanning tunneling and field ion microscope
J. Mater. Chem., 152, 77-83, 1988



T. Michely
Atomare Prozesse bei der Pt-Abscheidung auf Pt(111)
, 1996

PhD thesis


T. Michely
Rastertunnelmikroskopuntersuchung der Morphologie von Pt(111) nach Ionenbeschuß
, PhD thesis, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 1991

Popular Scientific Publications

  1. C. Busse und Th. Michely:
    Kristalle falsch gestapelt
    Beitrag zum Buchprojekt "Visualisierung", Hrsg. M. Lohoff, eingereicht.


  2. H. Hansen, S. Meßlinger, Th. Michely und C. Polop:
    Nanostrukturierung von Oberflächen durch Ionenstrahlen
    RWTH Themen 1/2004 (2004) 18-19


  3. Th. Michely:
    Atomare Prozesse und Strukturbildung beim Schichtwachstum
    RWTH Themen 1/2001 (2001) 56-61


  4. Th. Michely, M. Kalff, J. Krug und P. Politi Hochzeitstorten und Zipfelmützen: Strukturbildung auf Pt(111)
    Physikalische Blätter 53/11 (1999), 53


  5. Th. Michely:
    Wassermoleküle erstmals direkt abgebildet
    Chemie in unserer Zeit 31/3 (1997) 147


  6. Th. Michely, G. Comsa:
    Zweidimensionale Gleichgewichtsformen durch Ionenbeschuß
    Spektrum der Wissenschaft, Mai 1994, 20-29   (link to article)


  7. Th. Michely:
    Zweidimensionale Gleichgewichtsformen durch Zerstäubung
    Physik in unserer Zeit 24/5 (1993) 212-216


  8. G. Comsa, M. Rott, R. Kunkel, Th. Michely, B. Poelsema:
    Mikroskopische Aspekte des Schichtwachstums
    Jahresbericht des Forschungszentrums Jülich (1992) 17-23


[Translate to Englisch:]

  1. Th. Michely:
    Anordnung zum In-Situ Ausglühen von Emissions- oder Tunnelspitzen
    Rollennr. 90057786.4, Bekanntmachung im Patentblatt am 11. 10. 1990


  2. Th. Michely, M. Rost, M. Kaiser:
    Nr. DE 199 35 570.3 C2, Anmeldetag 30. 7. 1999, Veröffentlichung 5. 7. 2001


  3. Th. Michely, M. Rost, M. Kaiser:
    Micromanipulator with piezoelectric movable elements
    Patent No.: US6,603,239 B1, Date of Patent: 5. 8. 2003